• Unlike scoliosis, which is three-dimensional buckling deformity, Kyphosis is a forward stooping deformity in a single plane. Deleterious effects of continuous forward stooping are more difficult to compensate. Early, progressive fatigue pain and limitation of activity is the commonest presentation. Slow stretching of the spinal cord produces a slow worsening of neurological deficit that starts with subtle instability of gait and progresses to complete loss of power and urinary control.
  • Surgery for kyphosis therefore is important not only to correct the deformity and alleviate mechanical pain but also to prevent late deleterious effects on the spinal cord.